What is HRA (House Rent Allowance )
House Rent Allowance (HRA) is best tax saving tools available to employees. With these you can save upto 50% of your salary if you reside in Metro (40% of your salary if you reside in non-metro).
As per income Tax act, for calculation House rent allowance least of the following is available as deduction :
- Actual HRA received
- 50% / 40%(metro / non-metro) of basic ‘salary’
- Rent paid minus 10% of ‘salary’. Basic Salary for this purpose is basic+ DA forming part+ commission on sale on fixed rate.
Cities Like, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata constitutes Metro. All cities other than these are non-Metro. So if you resides in cites like Gurgaon, Faridabad, Bangalore, Hyderabad, etc it would constitutes as Non metro and only 40% deduction will be allowed.
If actual rent paid is lower than 10% of your basic salary you receive no exemption. The other key point is that you cannot claim any exemption under this section if you live in your own home or if you are not paying rent to anyone.